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<?php $arr = array(0, 1, 2); foreach ($arr as &$v) { $v += 1; } foreach ($arr as $v) { var_dump($v); } /* Output: int(1) int(2) int(2) Lines 2-4 iterate over $arr by reference. So, when we reach line 5, $v is still a reference to last element of the array (e.g. $v = &$arr[2]). There are only 2 possible ways to "unlink" $v from the array element: - use unset(): unset($v); - make $v a reference to another value: $v = &$x; Since $v is reference to last element of the array, the foreach loop in lines 5-7 will execute like this: 1) $v = $arr[0]; $arr is now [1, 2, 1], since writing to $v updates $arr[2] 2) $v = $arr[1]; $arr is now [1, 2, 2], since writing to $v updates $arr[2] 3) $v = $arr[2]; This causes self-assignment (e.g. $arr[2] = $arr[2]), which doesn't change the value of $arr. */
based on oE47X
Output for 7.1.25 - 7.4.0rc2
int(1) int(2) int(2)